A biography of malcolm x little a great american civil rights leader

There he became involved in petty criminal activities in his teenage years. Sporting flamboyant pinstriped zoot suitshe frequented nightclubs and dance halls and turned more fully to crime to finance his lavish lifestyle.

His father was killed while Malcolm was still very young, possibly by white supremacists. Malcolm X has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history and inTime named The Autobiography of Malcolm X one of the ten most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century.

Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for another reason. He excelled academically and was well liked by his classmates, who elected him class president.

He learned to place the American civil rights movement within the context of a global anti-colonial struggle, embracing socialism and pan-Africanism. He and the Nation of Islam were described as hatemongers, black supremacists, racists, violence-seekers, segregationists, and a threat to improved race relations.

malcolm x civil rights

In response to the outrage this statement provoked, Elijah Muhammad ordered Malcolm to observe a day period of silence, and the break between the two leaders became permanent.

Malcolm's feelings of betrayal, combined with Muhammad's anger over Malcolm's insensitive comments regarding the assassination of John F.

It wasn't long before Malcolm X was the second most influential member of the Nation of Islam after their leader, Elijah Muhammad.

A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in when director Spike Lee released the acclaimed movie, Malcolm X. After quitting school, Malcolm X moved to Boston to live with his older half-sister, Ella, about whom he later recalled, "She was the first really proud black woman I had ever seen in my life.

He also criticized the mainstream civil rights movement, challenging Martin Luther King, Jr. Malcolm X's mother never recovered from the shock and grief over her husband's death.

Malcolm x beliefs

Police officers shot seven Muslims, including William X Rogers, who was hit in the back and paralyzed for life, and Ronald Stokes, a Korean War veteran, who was shot from behind while raising his hands over his head to surrender, killing him. Read more below: None Read more about Sunni Islam. Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan and Harlem, New York. With his ever increasing knowledge, Malcolm began writing to Elijah Muhammad daily. Get your hand outta my pocket! Later, he became the minister of Temple No. Malcolm also felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI, which he now felt was a fraudulent organization built on too many lies to ignore. He was paroled after serving seven years. A turning point in Malcolm Little's childhood came in , when his English teacher asked him what he wanted to be when he grew up and he answered that he wanted to be a lawyer. He also sharpened his forensic skills by participating in debate classes. Malcolm X turned to traditional Islam to inform his path. However, out on his own on the streets of Boston, Malcolm X became acquainted with the city's criminal underground, soon turning to selling drugs. Malcolm, however, grew increasingly restive as the Nation of Islam failed to join in the mounting civil rights struggle and became convinced that Elijah Muhammad was lacking in sincerity, a view painfully validated by corruption at the highest level of the organization. He became a loyal disciple and adopted X—symbolic of a stolen identity—as his last name.
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Malcolm X, Black Nationalist and Civil Rights Activist