Academic achievement

academic achievement pdf

Factors influencing academic achievement[ edit ] Individual differences influencing academic performance[ edit ] Individual differences in academic performance have been linked to differences in intelligence and personality. In a set of investigations, Laurence Steinberg proposes that to understand family influences, it is important to disentangle three different aspects of parenting.

A number of theoretical perspectives have been proposed to explain these relationships, including the resource dilution hypothesis and the confluence model. Research that has examined relationships between changing family structures and students' school-related outcomes, has tended to show that in relation to two-parent families, children in single-parent families have lower academic performance, are more susceptible to peer pressure to engage in deviant behavior, have higher dropout rates from high school, and have greater social and psychological problems.

academic achievement essay

In addition, research findings are inconclusive about the extent to which relationships between family interactions and academic performance are independent of a child's family background and family structure.

In contrast, family social capital is defined by the relationships that develop between family members.

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Only after such inclusive studies are completed—including a number of international contexts—will there be an advance in understanding of the relationships between families and academic achievement.

In the Netherlands, Nan Dirk De Graaf and his colleagues examined associations between parental cultural capital and academic performance.

Academic achievement

Although the differences are generally small, a number of theories have been proposed to explain the variations. In addition, they claim that academic success is achieved only if family background resources can be accessed to maximize the association between family influences and outcomes: relationships between family influences and academic achievement need to take into account the potentially constraining or expanding opportunities provided by children's family backgrounds. It is often claimed that the absence of fathers has particularly negative socialization influences, which may be especially detrimental for boys. It is through these relationships that children gain access to the economic, human, and cultural resources of their families. Sibling structure. Successful educational actions[ edit ] There are experiences analysed by research projects that show how the incorporation of Successful Educational Actions SEAs in schools with high absenteeism are contributing to the improvement of academic achievement. Factors influencing academic achievement[ edit ] Individual differences influencing academic performance[ edit ] Individual differences in academic performance have been linked to differences in intelligence and personality. The Bloom model suggests that the total family context surrounding a child may be considered as being composed of a number of subenvironments. Self-control is usually measured through self completed questionnaires.
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Academic achievement