Citing a research paper oscola
If a document has nothing to indicate that it has ever been published in a hardcopy print format, or is not in PDF format i. Reference List List reports alphabetically under the heading Secondary Sources.
Footnote example: photograph on a website 14 Janet Lindenmuth, [photograph of] 'Atlantic Digest 2d' Flickr, 12 January accessed 27 November When citing journal articles which have been published only electronically, give publication details as for articles in hard copy journals, but note that online journals may lack some of the publication elements for example, many do not include page numbers.
Current law statutes annotated If you are citing the commentary upon legislation in the Current Law Statutes Annotated, cite the name of the relevant legal commentator and make it clear that you are referring an annotation to the Act, and not the primary text of the Act itself.
Report [from Electronic source using OSCOLA] Overview If documents found on the internet are clearly available as books or articles in hardcopy print format they should be referenced as such.
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More ephemeral or internal working documents such as briefing papers, fact sheets, press releases may be better treated as reports rather than articles or books. Your department or lecturer may prefer you to reference sources differently. If citation advice is provided by the online journal, follow it, removing full stops as necessary to comply with OSCOLA. Footnote example: photograph on a website 14 Janet Lindenmuth, [photograph of] 'Atlantic Digest 2d' Flickr, 12 January accessed 27 November Put a comma after the first page of the article if there is a pinpoint. Alternatively you may specify abbreviations in a table at the beginning of your work. External visitors are welcome to use this guide, but note that your institution's requirements may differ from those suggested here.
Green and White papers Citation of a green or white paper published by a government department follows the layout below. Foreign law sources There is limited advice on citing legal documents from foreign jurisdictions in the OSCOLA 4th edition see sections 1.
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Preferred journal abbreviations can be checked on the Cardiff Index. Standard Form Use the appropriate format as indicated above i. This will be the case for virtually all articles found in Westlaw, Lexis and Hein Online. Of these, COM documents are the type of European Union documentation that you are most likely to come across, and need to reference. Home Office and other government publications A Home Office report can be treated like a printed book. Note: The report has three named authors. The term can include both green and white papers, plus reports of select committees, other state papers and reports. External visitors are welcome to use this guide, but note that your institution's requirements may differ from those suggested here. The first edition is freely available online at the link above.
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