What civilised belly-crawling before the capitalists and boot-licking! Kautsky could find in any country even one out of a thousand of well-informed workers or farm labourers who would have any doubts as to the reply.
Revolutionaries, therefore, needed to stand alongside the majority of workers who looked to Labour as "their" party and give Labour critical support in elections, and in this way win workers to communist politics. Justice does not come first in capitalist society.
This right was fragile and in essence merely formal until the gains made by the Civil Rights Movement in the s, and remains tenuous and uncertain today.
How often do the masses of American workers and oppressed people enjoy mass mobilizations to so directly determine such important political changes? WhatsApp Paris Commune barricade, April Only one SPD deputy, Karl Leibknecht, voted against war credits, and then only six months after the first vote.The Soviet system continues to represent a form of democracy superior to the vast majority of purportedly democratic systems in existence today. The learned Mr. But it was evidently not at all obsolete from the point of view of the millions of workers who voted for the SPD 31 At the Second Congress of the Comintern, held in , Lenin had to carry on a fight against these "ultralefts" in Germany and elsewhere. For months, meetings were held and the popular will taken into account in producing a new draft of the constitution. The wise and learned Kautsky keeps silent about these things! There is no need for this to last forever, and in fact this cannot be tolerated forever. Meanwhile they devote their "whole strength and energies" to all sorts of trifles, tinkering away at the capitalist social order so that at least something should appear to be done without at the same time alarming the bourgeoisie The new Commune was administered primarily by working people themselves, elected by the entire populace through universal suffrage. American capitalists enjoyed Cuba as a tourist destination as well as a business opportunity, while most Cuban people lived in slums, many illiterate and lacking basic life necessities. How, then, do we reconcile this with the idea that American democracy is bourgeois, that it is a form of capitalist domination over the working and oppressed? Kautsky prefers to shut his eyes to these facts of the twentieth century, and instead to tell the workers wonderfully new, remarkably interesting, unusually edifying and incredibly important things about the Whigs and Tories of the eighteenth century! This is brought into stark relief when we consider the ostensible inventors of democracy, the Athenians. In the elections, the masses declare their overall political aims, their ideas of state, that the working class should be enabled as the ruling class. Let us first remind the most learned Mr.
The people are deceived everywhere, and in democratic France, Switzerland, America and Britain this is done on an incomparably wider scale and in an incomparably subtler manner than in other countries. More than that, he also argued that the revolutionary Bolsheviks should have their own, distinctly organized fraction, and, bythat they should be a separate party that excluded reformists from its ranks.The reformist trend flourished in Germany in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, expressed most fully by a former collaborator of Engels, Eduard Bernstein, who wrote in his reformist bombshell Evolutionary Socialism, The task of social democracy is to organize the working classes politically and develop them as a democracy and to fight for all reforms in the State which are adapted to raise the working classes and transform the State in the direction of democracy. Unlike in the German SPD, where parliamentary representatives were the stars in the party crown, the Bolshevik Party subordinated their Duma deputies to party control and saw them as servants of the working-class struggle. The main task of contemporary Communism in Western Europe and America is to learn to seek, to find, to correctly determine the specific path or the particular turn of events that will bring the masses right up against the real, last, decisive, and great revolutionary struggle. After reckless pro-Soviets opened fire on a march in Petrograd against Soviet power, a dozen Bolshevik members of the Petrograd Soviet were replaced by Mensheviks. Citizens in these societies plan together with the aim that nobody will go without the life necessities produced by their society. Engels, in his work on the state. To this end, the Committees for the Defense of the Revolution were founded as local organizations stemming the people directly to defend themselves against reactionary remnants. Marx described this state in quite harsh terms: Under its sway, bourgeois society… attained a development unexpected even by itself. In the first half of the 19th century, suffrage was gradually extended to white men who did not own property. Source: Wikicommons. But any real fight for reforms requires struggle to achieve them. As early as , Marx and Engels wrote a circular letter to party leaders in which they asked if the party had not been "infected with the parliamentary diseases, believing that, with the popular vote, the Holy Ghost is poured upon those elected. In fact, at its highest, the voting population of Athens amounted to a couple tens of thousands, while the population of slaves was likely over thousand. As socialists we fight for all reforms that improve the conditions of life for workers under capitalism and give workers the confidence to fight for more.