This is because stakeholders are voluntarily involved in the process and agreement.
Each of the three systems has its own strengths and limitations. Long-held public legitimacy provides a sense of local ownership of both the process and its outcomes. May encounter difficulties in getting all stakeholders to the bargaining table. Empowerment occurs in the context of a specific social and political system.
Customary practices institutionalized within broader national legal frameworks may provide a good starting point to enhance traditional authorities' ability to deal with the challenges of contemporary natural resource management.
Determining which events or processes might trigger these situations into full-blown conflicts can be difficult. Conflict resolution needs to ensure that human relations are restored and the "good name" of the conflict stakeholders is preserved.
These systems may use different strategies for managing and resolving conflict. Mediation is the process whereby an acceptable third party who has limited or no authoritative decision-making power assists the principle parties in a conflict to resolve their dispute through promoting conciliation and facilitating negotiations.