Another name for these trial courts are Circuit or District Court. Constitution or other federal laws.
Both have trial courts at the lowest level to hear both civil and criminal cases. State and local courts must honor both federal law and the laws of the other states.
Courts of Appeal Cases from the district courts can then be appealed to the circuit courts of appeal, of which there are thirteen Figure 3. The number of appeals courts varies with the size of the state and the number of cases.
Thus a contract dispute resolved by an Arkansas court cannot be relitigated in North Dakota when the plaintiff wants to collect on the Arkansas judgment in North Dakota. Most criminal activity falls in this category, such as robbery, assault, murder, and many drug-related crimes.
Only certain cases are eligible for review by the U. State courts usually have a high percentage of criminal cases like misdemeanor or petty offenses brought before them, unlike federal courts. Appellate courts in the United States, unlike their civil law counterparts, are generally not permitted to correct mistakes concerning the facts of the case on appeal, only mistakes of law, or findings of fact with no support in the trial court record.
Supreme Court is the final arbiter of federal constitutional questions. A case in which the United States is a party, such as Social Security claims or federal tax violations.