The effects of water scarcity on

Without proper sanitation, the water in an area becomes ridden with disease and any number of other problems. Technology also needs to advance in this manner. With the global energy demand only increasing, the need for water keeps rising.

Accelerating urbanization is straining already-overstretched infrastructure and creating overcrowded, unhealthy, and insecure living conditions in many cities.

effects of water scarcity in south africa

The University of Jordan. A chemical or oil spill can permanently taint the water. Restaurants and shopping malls have to be kept clean to attract visitors. In the s, more and more groundwater aquifers developed.

Overpopulation The rapid increase in human population combined by massive growth in industry sector have have transformed water ecosystems and resulted in loss of biodiversity.

Effects on environment[ edit ] Water scarcity has many negative impacts on the environment, including lakes, rivers, wetlands and other fresh water resources. Damaged Ecosystems When water becomes scarce, natural landscapes often lose out. A lack of jobs and opportunities can drive down income, tax revenues, and the free flow of commerce.

It may be overused on people, animals, land, or any other number of things. Symptoms of physical water scarcity include environmental degradation and declining groundwater. A popular approach to measuring water scarcity has been to rank countries according to the amount of annual water resources available per person.

Water scarcity solutions pdf

Nations should invest in desalination technologies as a means of attaining a more reliable water resource system to meet the ever rising water demands. Others have related water availability to population. Population Growth In the last 50 years, the human population has more than doubled. Improve Practices Related to Farming: Farming and irrigation are often a huge culprit when it comes to water scarcity. In addition, a high percentage of the water resources upon which the countries of the MENA depend originate outside the region, giving rise to tensions in using jointly-shared water. As the global population is expected to boom in the coming decades, water resources need to be managed more efficiently. In addition, agriculture consumes more water than any other source and wastes much of that water through inefficiency. Poverty Access to quality water is key to economic prosperity and better living standards. Water re-use and Effective Water Treatment Technologies Water re-use strategies can help alleviate water scarcity in cities, schools, hospitals, and industries. There is no global water scarcity as such, but a number of places and regions are chronically short of water because its use at the global level has increased more than twice as fast as the population over the last century. This is done by comparing the amount of total available water resources per year to the population of a country or region. Economic water scarcity includes a lack of infrastructure, causing the people without reliable access to water to have to travel long distances to fetch water, that is often contaminated from rivers for domestic and agricultural uses.
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Causes, Effects and Solutions to Water Scarcity