Write about the causes and results of the first world war
What caused world war 2
His removal not only provided the casus belli but also removed one of the most prominent doves from policy-making. In The Economic Consequences of the Peace, he argued that 'the treaty ignores the economic solidarity of Europe by aiming at the destruction of the economic life of Germany which threatens the health and prosperity of the Allies themselves. Williamson, Jr. This clause allowed moral justification for the other terms of the treaty that were imposed upon Germany. However, anti-German sentiment remained. Though weakened Russia was forced to submit, to its humiliation, its foreign office still viewed Austria-Hungary's actions as overly aggressive and threatening. On July 15, , German troops launched what would become the last German offensive of the war, attacking French forces joined by 85, American troops as well as some of the British Expeditionary Force in the Second Battle of the Marne. After the German Imperial War Council of 8 December , it was clear that Germany was not ready to support Austria-Hungary in a war against Serbia and her likely allies. The German people had been told that their army was on the very of victory; the defeat did not seem to have been caused by any overwhelming Allied military victory, and certainly not by an invasion of Germany. The second issue is t hat the USA and Britain lacked the will to enforce the terms of the treaty.
As a result of the Balkan Wars - Serbia had doubled in size and there was growing demands for the union of south Slavs Yugoslavism under the leadership of Serbia. Territorial changes[ edit ] Wilson's Fourteen Points proposed respect for the principle of self-determination, and the collapse of large empires gave an opportunity to create states based on the different nationalities.
Because Czechoslovakia needed a mountainous, defensible border and because the new state lacked certain minerals and industry, it was given the ex-Austrian Sudetenland, which contained around three and a half million German speakers. Many in Britain felt that the war would be over by Christmas.
The action outraged Serbia as there was a large Serbian population in Bosnia. It ferred to the settlement as 'the mutilated peace' because it had not received the Dalmatian coast, Fiume, and certain colonies. Causes of WW1: Imperialism Imperialism is when a country takes over new lands or countries and makes them subject to their rule.
Causes of world war 1 essay
In , he had proclaimed that the object of the war should be 'to make the world safe for democracy'; unlike the ostensibly more selfish aims of the Allied powers, the USA would take the lead in promoting the ideas of democracy and self-determination. Convinced Serbian nationalism and Russian Balkan ambitions were disintegrating the Empire, Austria-Hungary hoped for a limited war against Serbia and that strong German support would force Russia to keep out of the war and weaken its Balkan prestige. This clause later helped Hitler to gain support, as he was able to play on the resentment and anger felt by the German population towards the war guilt clause, and also towards the fact that it was a diktat. Moreover, the Russians were threatening British interests in Persia and India to the extent that in , there were signs that the British were cooling in their relations with Russia and that an understanding with Germany might be useful. His removal not only provided the casus belli but also removed one of the most prominent doves from policy-making. Note: Although Italy was a member of the Triple Alliance alongside Germany and Austria-Hungary, it did not join the Central Powers, as Austria-Hungary had taken the offensive, against the terms of the alliance. The Germans also lost all their submarines and much of their surface fleet and air force. In Russia, the revolution rid the country of its aristocracy completely. The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary then sent an ultimatum to Serbia, with such harsh terms as to make it almost impossible to accept.
The Russians therefore moved to full mobilisation on 30 July as the only way to prevent the entire operation being botched.
The Germans also lost all their submarines and much of their surface fleet and air force.
In Russia, the revolution rid the country of its aristocracy completely. The assassination of Ferdinand led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia.
based on 79 review